Eternalism is a philosophical approach to the ontological nature of time, which takes the view that all existence in time is equally real, as opposed to presentism or the growing block universetheory of time, in which at least the future is not the same as any other time. Some forms of eternalism give time a similar ontology to that of space, as a dimension, with different times being as real as different places, and future events are «already there» in the same sense other places are already there, and that there is no objective flow of time. It is sometimes referred to as the «block time» or «block universe» theory due to its description of space-time as an unchanging four-dimensional «block», as opposed to the view of the world as a three-dimensional space modulated by the passage of time.
How do we deal with a purposeless universe and the finality of death? From Victorian séances to the embalming of Lenin’s corpse to schemes for uploading our minds into cyberspace, there have have been numerous attempts to deny man’s mortality. Why can’t we accept the limits of science?